MUMPS

**FOR QUICK REFRENCE EXPOSURE PROCESS PLEASE REFER TO ATTACHMENT C

 

Overview:

Mumps is a viral disease that affects mainly children. However, it does occur in adolescents and adults

 

Mode of Transmission:

 

Examples of Transmission: Mumps is spread from person-to-person through respiratory droplets from coughs or sneezes. Mumps is most common in the winter and spring months. Patients with mumps are contagious from 1-2 days before the parotid glands (a salivary gland) swell to about 5 days after swelling starts. The virus can survive on surfaces and touching a surface contaminated with viral particles and then touching one’s nose or mouth can also result in infection.

 

Prevention:

MMR Vaccine

 

Precautions:

Airbourne

 

Signs and Symptoms:  

Begin about 16-18 days after exposure to the virus and include:  

  • Fever

  • Headache

  • Muscle aches

  • Fatigue

  • Followed in a few days by swelling and tenderness of the salivary glands under the ears or jaw on one or both sides of the face (parotitis)

 

Complications: temporary or permanent deafness (1 in 20,000 cases), inflammation of various organs such as the brain, or, in those who have reached puberty, of the testicles, ovaries, and/or breasts.

Exposure Determination: Exposure = being within 3-6 feet of a patient with a diagnosis of mumps without the use of proper personal protective equipment.

 

General Post Exposure Treatment: 

  • If you are immune, you may continue working but must report any signs or symptoms of illness during the incubation period, from 12 until 25 days after exposure.

  • If you have had one of the required two vaccinations (partially immune), you should receive a 2nd dose as soon as possible, but no sooner than 28 days after the first. You may continue working but must report any signs or symptoms of illness during the incubation period, from 12 until 25 days after exposure.

  • If you are not immune, you should get vaccinated. You should not work from the 9th-26th days after the exposure. This applies even if you get your first dose of the vaccine as soon as you learn of the exposure.

  • You must be off work if you develop mumps.

 

Paperwork Required

  1. OC Public Health Communicable Disease Exposure Form (policy 330.96) with Fire incident number on top. Should be faxed while still in the hospital Fax: (714) 564-4050 per county policy must be received within 7 calendar days

OC Public Health Communicable Disease Exposure Form

  1. The City “Report of Employee Injury” form

  2. Medical Service Order- RM -67 (when medical care is required)

Call

M: 949-769-1162

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